Technical Resources by Build Change Engineers for Disaster-Resistant Building

Natural disasters kill thousands of people every year. They disproportionately impact vulnerable people in emerging countries. They also can be costly in terms of damaged buildings and infrastructure.


Many of the deaths and much of the damage is preventable. It just takes the right training, design and small changes in construction practice to save lives.

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Primers | China | Haiti | Indonesia | Philippines | Post-Earthquake Reconnaissance Reports


Primers

USAID logo

The Build Change USAID-approved housing primer:

Building Back Housing in Post-Disaster Situations – Basic Engineering Principles for Development Professionals: A Primer

 

Drafts pending USAID review:

Seismic Retrofit of Housing in Post-Disaster Situations – Basic Engineering Principles for Development Professionals: A Primer


Site and Retaining Wall Hazard Mitigation in Post-Disaster Situations: A Primer

Earthquake-Resistant Houses for People's Republic of China

Build Change Handbook "Security Rebuild Manual" Includes common construction problems and how to solve them.

Available in English (EN) and Mandarin Chinese (MA):

Security Rebuild Manual (EN) (1.35MB)
Security Rebuild Manual (MA) (2.5MB)

Build Change Posters (2009) on earthquake-resistant, single-story, confined-masonry houses with reinforced concrete slab roofs, for the May 12, 2008 Sichuan earthquake housing reconstruction program.

In English and Mandarin Chinese, combined:


Simple, Symmetric Configuration
Strong Foundation
Good Quality Materials
Good Quality Concrete
Good Quality Masonry
Steel Reinforcement Connections
Wall-Column Connections
Doors, Windows and Lintel Beams
Roof

Earthquake-Resistant Houses for Haiti

Secrets of Earthquake-Resistant Construction Booklet (Creole)

 

Lessons Learned, 4 Years After the Earthquake:

Homeowner-Driven Housing Reconstruction and Retrofitting in Haiti: Lessons Learned, 4 Years After the Earthquake. Released January 9, 2014.

Available in English (EN) and French (FR):

Challenges and Opportunities in the Construction and Purchase of Good Quality Blocks

Haiti Ministry of Public Works (MTPTC) National Retrofitting Guidelines

Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit Manual (EN)
Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit Manual Companion (EN)
Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit Manual (FR)

Design and Construction Guidelines for Confined Masonry Housing (EN)
Design and Construction Guidelines for Confined Masonry Housing (FR)

Construction Drawings for 2- and 3-story Mixed Use Buildings (EN & FR)

Construction Drawings for 1- and 2-story Reinforced Masonry House (EN & FR)

Build Change Posters (2012) on safe construction practices for building earthquake-resistant, confined-masonry houses in response to January 12, 2010 earthquake in Haiti. Produced in collaboration with Cordaid.

Available in Haitian Creole:

Posters: 8.5 x 11 in Haitian Creole

(Low-Resolution)


Wall (270 MB)
Concrete (275 KB)
Good Quality Materials (291 KB)
Blocks (278 KB)
Reusing Materials (304 KB)
Confined Masonry (264 KB)
2-Story House Configuration (264 KB)
Retaining Wall (276 KB)
Foundation (273 KB)
Connections (278 KB)
Construction Site Safety (276 KB)
Safe Retrofitting (275 KB)

Build Change Flyers (2011) on safe construction practices for building earthquake-resistant, confined-masonry houses in response to January 12, 2010 earthquake in Haiti.

Available in English and Haitian Creole:

Flyers: 8.5 x 11 in English

(Low-Resolution)


Good Quality Materials Flyer (EN)
How to Make Good Walls (EN)
How to Mix Concrete (EN)

(High-Resolution)


Good Quality Materials Flyer (EN)
How to Make Good Walls (EN)
How to Mix Concrete (EN)

Flyers: 8.5 x 11 in Haitian Creole

(Low-Resolution)

Good Quality Materials Flyer(HC)
How to Make Good Walls (HC)
How to Mix Concrete (HC)

(High-Resolution)

Good Quality Materials Flyer (HC)
How to Make Good Walls (HC)
How to Mix Concrete (HC)

Earthquake-Resistant Houses for Indonesia

Using Tablets for Efficient Data Collection in the Field: Aceh Tengah, Indonesia. (Program to launch soon in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.)

 

Build Change Handbook (2009) on Simple, Earthquake-Resistant Housing in Indonesia. Covers timber frame with masonry infill and confined masonry, two most common structural systems for rural houses in Indonesia.

Targeted at homeowners and builders.

Includes common problems and how to solve them, simple pictures and graphics, the three C's for safe construction, (configuration, connections and construction quality), and minimum standards for safe construction.

Available in English (EN) and Bahasa Indonesia (BI):

Build Change Handbook (2009) (EN) (15MB)
Build Change Handbook (2009) (BI) (15MB)

Build Change Earthquake-Resistant Design and Construction Guideline (2006)

For Single Story Confined Masonry Houses Built in the Aceh Permanent Housing Reconstruction Program. Covers design philosophy for confined masonry in Indonesia.

Targeted at engineers, architects and staff of relief agencies.

Section 1: Title and Sources
Section 2: Seismic Hazard in Aceh
Section 3: Confined Masonry vs. RC Frame with Masonry Infill
Section 4: The First C: Configuration
Section 5: The Second C: Connections
Section 6: Confined Masonry Failure Modes
Section 7: The Third C: Construction Quality - Foundations
Section 8: The Third C: Construction Quality - Steel Reinforcement
Section 9: The Third C: Construction Quality - Masonry
Section 10: The Third C: Construction Quality - Concrete
Section 11: Siting, Drainage, Soils, and Foundations
Section 12: Closure

Build Change Posters and Flyers for reconstruction following the September 30, 2009 earthquake near Padang, West Sumatra.

Available in English (EN) and Bahasa Indonesia (BI):

Building Materials (EN): Good Quality Materials for Your Safe House
Bahan Bangunan (BI): Kualitas Material Bagus, Rumah Anda Aman

Transitional Shelter (EN): Help Keep Your Family Safe From Earthquakes
Hunian sementara yang aman (BI): Anda Bisa Menjaga Keluarga Anda Aman Dari Gempa

Timber with Masonry Skirt (EN): Build with Timber Instead of Masonry
Rumah Semi-permanent (BI): Bangunlah Rumah Dari Kayu Daripada Dengan Bata

Confined Masonry (EN): If you build confined masonry, follow these six simple rules.
Rumah Ikatan Bata (BI): Ikuti petunjuk penting berikut untuk membangun rumah permanen yang aman gempa!

Good Connections Save Lives (BI): Sambungan yang bagus dapat menyelamatkan manusia

Philippines

Build Change Leaflets and Posters for reconstruction in the Philippines.

These posters show simple, inexpensive guidelines that will greatly improve the earthquake and typhoon resistance of common Filipino housing types.

Available in English (EN) and Boholano (BO):

Confined Masonry Housing Leaflets and Posters:

Confined Masonry Housing Leaflet (EN)
Confined Masonry Housing Leaflet (BO)

Confined Masonry Housing Poster (EN)
Confined Masonry Housing Poster (BO)

Light-framed Wood Housing Leaflets and Posters:

Light-framed Wood Housing Leaflet (EN)
Light-framed Wood Housing Leaflet (BO)

Light-framed Wood Housing Poster (EN)
Light-framed Wood Housing Poster (BO)

Post-Earthquake Reconnaissance Reports

October 15, 2013 & November 8, 2013 - Bohol, Philippines
Philippines Reconnaissance Report following magnitude-7.1 earthquake and Typhoon Yolanda.

September 30, 2009 - Padang, Indonesia
Build Change contributed to the Housing section in the EERI Report.

May 12, 2008 - Sichuan, China
Build Change Reports from trip facilitated by the University of California, Office of the President, 10 + 10 Strategic Partnership.

1: Needs Assessment and Planning
2: Housing Types
3: Housing Performance
4: Building Performance
5: Xiao Yu Dong Bridge
6: Gao Yuan Bridge

September 12, 2007 - Bengkulu, Indonesia

Available in English (EN) and Bahasa Indonesia (BI):

Build Change Report (EN)
Build Change Report (BI)

May 27, 2006 - Central Java, Indonesia

Available in English (EN) and Bahasa Indonesia (BI):

Build Change Report (EN)
Build Change Report (BI)